Tarmac Driveways And Paths

Tarmac Driveways And Paths

Tarmac Driveways And Paths refer to hardened surfaces laid for driving or walking on residential properties. They are constructed using a composite of crushed stone aggregate and petroleum pitch called tarmac. This creates a durable black material ideal for Tarmac Driveways And Paths.

Wondering about the best surface for your Tarmac Driveways And Paths? Tarmac has been a popular choice globally for decades due to its weather-resistant and low-maintenance qualities. It forms a hardwearing, smooth path perfect for vehicles or foot traffic throughout the UK seasons.

Tarmac Driveways And Paths are installed by expert contractors who first prepare a solid subgrade for proper support. Then machinery carefully places and finishes the hot tarmac material. Within days, it fully hardens into a long-lasting paved area allowing easy access to properties and parking for cars or other transport on the driveway. Periodic resealing protects the Tarmac Driveways And Paths appearance for many years.

Lay Edging Kerbs

Edging curbs are laid along the edges of tarmac driveways and paths to contain the material and provide a neat finish. Strong concrete curbs that are precisely laid help protect the edges and enhance the aesthetic appeal of the paved surface.

Preparing the Edges

Before installing the curbs, it is important to ensure the edges are cleared of any debris, loose soil, or unwanted materials. The areas where the curbs will be positioned must be firmly compacted to provide stability and support. Sharp tools may be needed to cleanly cut the existing surface if required.

Installing the Kerbs

Curbs come in rolls or pre-cut lengths and are simply pressed into the edge of the prepared base using lightweight tamping tools. They should be positioned with a perfectly straight line and even spacing between each unit. Any gaps are filled with setting mortar or concrete to lock them firmly in place.


A reliable sub-base lays the foundation for a driveway lasting many years without faults. Installing a sub-base requires excavating down to solid earth and adding hardcore in layers, before power-rolling each increment to full compaction. This provides a flat, load-bearing surface for the upper layers to withstand heavy vehicular traffic.

Removing Existing Material

For renovation work, any loose portions of the prior sub-base are dug out and removed. This exposes undisturbed soil that can properly support a new sub-base slab. Machinery is used to gouge out deteriorated or uneven sections of the existing subgrade for replacement with fresh aggregate.

Filling and Compacting

Refilling the excavation with a granular material such as crushed rock or recycled concrete is followed by vibratory compaction. Multiple rolling passes create a consolidation that will endure heavy use. Compactors vibrate the fill to settle the materials into a dense, interlocked matrix without voids.

Binder Course

A good binder is formulated to firmly unite the lower sub-base with the upper wearing layer. Its ability to bind the components results in a monolithic structure resistant to cracking or settling issues.

Removing Existing Material

Where a driveway existed before, decaying patches of the old binder need extracting to clear a path for fresh material. A clean, scarified substrate permits strong adhesion. Deteriorated areas are precisely cut out to expose an unbroken level bed.

Filling and Compacting

Adding the new binder in lifts, then compacting it with a vibrating wacker plate packs it into a solid, dense bonding sheet ready to uphold subsequent tarmac or asphalt layers. Compaction seals the material to the sub-base, removing air pockets.

Must it be two layers?

While some projects use just one thick binder layer, using two thinner layers allows for better consolidation and compaction of the materials. This helps to reinforce the surface and reduce the chances of cracking over time.

Surface Course

The final wearing course is made up of small stones and thick liquid bitumen. This layer forms the characteristic tough black surface and protects the lower foundation from weathering, weeds, and vehicle traffic wear over many years. The small stone aggregates are tightly bound together when the hot bitumen hardens, creating an extremely strong and durable wearing surface.

Completion and Making Good

On finishing, excess tarmac is trimmed off and the bonded edges are sealed. The newly laid surface is then cleaned before fully setting it hard. Any defects are expertly filled to provide a smooth and long-lasting finish. Compaction and rolling occur to ensure an even surface plane is achieved with no tripping hazards.

Benefits of a Tarmac Driveway

The durability of a tarmac floor makes it a wise lengthy-term funding for any belongings. By combining aggregates and binding agents right into a composite fabric, tarmac pavements can face up to publicity to varying weather situations all yr spherical without deteriorating.

Tarmac is highly resistant to cracking from temperature fluctuations, resists damage from vehicle fuels and oils, and remains impervious to water penetration. These attributes result in extremely low maintenance needs between routine sweeping and periodic resealing.

Durability in All Weather Conditions

Combining stone aggregates with the waterproof bitumen binder creates a highly durable material. A tarmac surface can withstand extremes from scorching heat to cold, heavy rainfall, and direct sun exposure year-round. It remains impervious to moisture and resistant to cracking even in the harshest climates.

Low Maintenance Needs

Without any weeds, moss, or algae penetrating this dense pavement, tidying needs are low. Periodic resealing preserves the integrity of the surface, keeping repair and replacement costs minimal through its lengthy lifespan. Basic sweeping keeps the tarmac looking pristine between reseals.

Long Service Life of Tarmac

When properly installed and resealed every five to ten years, a tarmac driveway can last fifteen to twenty years before full replacement is needed. This makes it a cost-effective choice compared to other paving alternatives. Investment in a tarmac surface guarantees many years of dependable service.

Installation and Maintenance of Tarmac

Installing tarmac properly from the start ensures many years of trouble-free service ahead. An experienced paving contractor will excavate any unsuitable material, lay down robust subgrade and binder course layers, and then screed and roll out the hot tarmac to professional standards.

For ongoing protection, homeowners reapply a new sealant coating every 5-10 years. This restores the waterproof barrier and preserves the pavement’s appearance. Minor cracks or defects that emerge can be easily patched ahead of the next reseal to prevent deterioration.

Preparing the Surface for Tarmac

It is crucial to properly prepare the sub-base before laying tarmac material. Compacting the subgrade and adding a binder layer creates a stable foundation with consistent levels and falls for drainage. All vegetation is removed and edges are clearly defined.

Laying the Tarmac Material

Experienced contractors use specialized laying machines or manual pavers to apply the hot bituminous mixture across the prepared surface in sections. They screed, level, and roll each portion before moving to the next to ensure an even finished thickness.

Sealing and Completing the Tarmac

Newly laid tarmac cures with a porous surface exposed to weathering. Resealing typically every 7-10 years helps restore the protective waterproofing and extends the longevity of the paving. Trims and seals complete edges.

Ongoing Care and Repairs

Regular sweeping removes dirt and debris, retaining the tarmac’s appearance. Minor cracks may develop over time; patching preserves the integrity before a more extensive reseal becomes necessary after 15-20 years. Prompt repairs prevent worsening issues.

Choosing Between Tarmac and Other Surface Types

Alternatives to tarmac driveways include loose gravel, block paving, or poured concrete each with their advantages and drawbacks. Gravel proves cheaper but demands re-graveling and weed control yearly. Paving slabs provide drainage but gaps collect debris.

Concrete resists ruts better than loose material but requires forming and curing time. Overall, tarmac achieves the best balance of strength, weather resistance, and simplicity of do-it-once installation versus lifelong cost and hassle of upkeep for minor repairs.

Gravel Pros and Cons

While gravel driveways have a natural aesthetic, maintenance is frequent. Ruts appear even from light rain as the loose material shifts. Weed control demands herbicide treatment.

Concrete Advantages and Disadvantages

Long-lasting if done properly, concrete withstands heavy loads without damage. High upfront costs and expansion joints are prone to grass ingress. Curing takes several days to complete hardening.

Comparing Tarmac Driveways And Paths to Asphalt

Tarmac is more resistant to fuel and chemical spills than asphalt which can soften and stick in summer. In cold regions, tarmac endures freezing better without damage from frost heaves.

Other Alternative Materials

Resin-bound gravel resembles the look of tarmac but at a lower cost. However, it lacks the same impact strength to sustain heavy vehicle traffic over decades. Block paving is low maintenance after laying but installation requires expertise.

Frequently Asked Questions 

How long does a tarmac driways normally last?

With the right care and resealing every 7-10 years, a tarmac driveway has to provide long lasting carrier for 15-two decades.

Can I install my tarmac driveway?

DIY installation is feasible but professional paving contractors have knowledge and equipment for the proper mixing and laying of the materials.

What kind of site visitors can a tarmac driveway support?

As one of the strongest pavement surfaces, tarmac can withstand use by diverse motor automobiles from cars and trucks up to trucks or SUVs.

When is the first time to lay a brand-new tarmac driveway?

Spring and summertime months offer warm temperatures for thorough curing of the bitumen binder before the colder weather arrives.

How do I care for my current tarmac driveway?

Periodic sweeping clears particles even after resealing every 7-10 years and protects the floor from weathering to extend its usable lifespan.


In conclusion, properly built and maintained tarmac driveways and paths provide homeowners with many years of durable use. The mix of stone aggregates and bitumen creates a composite paving material that is impervious to weather. Regular sweeping keeps debris clear while periodic resealing protects the surface texture and extends the lifespan.

Overall, tarmac driveways and paths offer a hardstanding solution superior to loose materials like gravel. When set up by using an experienced contractor, the tarmac forms a clean, long-lasting surface perfect for tarmac driveways and paths. Minimal aftercare is required to keep the tarmac driveways and paths between reseals, ensuring it stay in terrific circumstance for 15-two decades of withstanding car visitors. Its attributes make tarmac an excellent option for residential tarmac driveways and paths.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *